The Sports Institute’s Research

We collaborate with researchers to improve clinical care, execute studies that advance sports medicine and identify best practices in sports safety.

Associations Between Physical Activity Vital Sign in Patients and Health Care Utilization in a Health Care System, 2018–2020

Physical inactivity is a risk factor for many chronic conditions. This retrospective cohort study examined associations between physical activity (PA) with health care utilization (HU).

Journal of Physical Activity and Health

King-Devick testing and concussion recovery time in collegiate athletes

Objectives: To assess whether the King-Devick (KD) test is useful as a prognostic test for prolonged concussion symptoms by examining the relationship between a) change in performance on KD test from baseline to within two days post-injury and b) the absolute KD time at post-concussion testing, with an outcome of time to return to play (RTP).

Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport

Recommendations for Medical Discharge Documentation and Academic Supports for University Students Recovering From Concussion

Objective: This study sought to (1) collate the experiences of university students with concussion history and academic stakeholders through interviews and (2) develop concussion management recommendations for institutions of higher learning using a multidisciplinary Delphi procedure.

Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation

A Comparative Analysis of Depressive Symptoms Following Sports-Related Concussion in Youth Athletes Versus Their Age-Matched Non-concussed Counterparts

Background and objective Athletics is the leading cause of pediatric concussion, and depression is a major comorbidity associated with concussion in the pediatric population. Prior studies have described the risk of depression after concussion in high school-, collegiate-, and elite-level athletes, but there is scarce data on younger athletes.


The Role of Exercise in Treating Low Back Pain

The purpose of this review is to highlight the role of exercise in preventing and managing acute and chronic axial low back pain (LBP). LBP is one of the leading contributors to years lived with disability as well as health care expenditures in the United States. With an expected increase in prevalence due to an aging population, sports medicine providers have a unique opportunity to provide effective treatment strategies incorporating exercise advice and prescription.

Current Sports Medicine Reports

Implementation of a Physical Activity Vital Sign in Primary Care: Associations Between Physical Activity, Demographic Characteristics, and Chronic Disease Burden

Physical activity is important to prevent and manage multiple chronic medical conditions. The objective of this study was to describe the implementation of a physical activity vital sign (PAVS) in a primary care setting and examine the association between physical activity with demographic characteristics and chronic disease burden.

CDC: Preventing Chronic Disease

Selected issues in sport-related concussion (SRC|mild traumatic brain injury) for the team physician: a consensus statement

Selected Issues in Sport-Related Concussion (SRC|Mild Traumatic Brain Injury) for the Team Physician: A Consensus Statement is title 22 in a series of annual consensus documents written for the practicing team physician. This document provides an overview of selected medical issues important to team physicians who are responsible for athletes with sports-related concussion (SRC).

British Journal of Sports Medicine

Re-examining decompressive craniectomy medial margin distance from midline as a metric for calculating the risk of post-traumatic hydrocephalus

Decompressive craniectomy (DC) is a life-saving procedure in severe traumatic brain injury, but is associated with higher rates of post-traumatic hydrocephalus (PTH). The relationship between the medial craniectomy margin’s proximity to midline and frequency of developing PTH is controversial. The primary study objective was to determine whether average medial craniectomy margin distance from midline was closer to midline in patients who developed PTH after DC for severe TBI compared to patients that did not.

Journal of Clinical Neuroscience

Diagnostic accuracy and reliability of sideline concussion evaluation: a prospective, case-controlled study in college athletes comparing newer tools and established tests

Objective: To assess diagnostic accuracy and reliability of sideline concussion tests in college athletes. Methods: Athletes completed baseline concussion tests including Post-Concussion Symptom Scale, Standardised Assessment of Concussion (SAC), modified Balance Error Scoring System (m-BESS), King-Devick test and EYE-SYNC Smooth Pursuits. Testing was repeated in athletes diagnosed acutely with concussion and compared to a matched teammate without concussion.

British Journal of Sports Medicine