Concussion Key Facts
A concussion is an injury to the brain. Recognizing it is critical for a full recovery.
All injuries to the brain are potentially serious. The signs and symptoms of concussion may include headache, dizziness, memory loss, confusion, loss of balance, nausea and more.
An athlete with a possible concussion should immediately be removed from play.
If a sideline check suggests a concussion, the athlete should not return to play on the same day, and should see a licensed healthcare professional who is knowledgeable about concussions right away. Returning to play too soon can be dangerous or even deadly.
Getting better after a concussion usually just takes time.
Treatment normally involves stopping exercise and sports as well as mental activities that make symptoms worse, then gradually returning to activities.
Most athletes improve quickly after concussion.
Most athletes can safely return to school and sports within a week or two, although younger athletes often take longer. Some athletes may take months or more to fully recover. By law, a healthcare provider must approve an athlete’s return to play.
If symptoms persist, see an expert.
If the signs and symptoms continue to linger beyond 10-14 days in an adult or a month in a child or adolescent, see a licensed healthcare provider who is an expert in diagnosing and treating athletes with concussions.